Beliefs about Coaching
Instructional coaching in EL Education schools increases the achievement and engagement of every student by bringing out the best performance of every teacher. Coaches use both student-centered and teacher-centered methods to help teachers improve the decisions they make about their instruction.
Instructional coaching is focused on supporting the learning, growth and achievement of students and is most often linked to a school’s improvement priorities. Student growth and achievement should be at the center of all instructional coaching. Formal coaching cycles are guided by goals articulated by the teacher and informed by the school’s larger professional development and EL work plan goals.
Student-centered or teacher-centered methods of coaching are strategically selected based on individual teacher needs. Student-centered coaching focuses on the analysis of student learning through data and student work in order to inform decisions about instruction. In contrast, teacher-centered coaching focuses on the implementation of specific practices or curricula with an emphasis on teachers’ actions. The method of coaching to be used with teachers will depend upon their skills and needs. In general, teacher-centered coaching is appropriate when teachers are working to adopt new practices such as workshop model instruction or assessments for learning strategies. However, coaches should move along the continuum toward student-centered practices as soon as appropriate, since student-centered coaching better supports teachers in aligning their instructional choices with the outcomes for students. (Sweeney, 2011)
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